Filters In OBS Studio | Tutorial 7/13

Hey everyone, it’s Derek with Nerd or Die.
And In this video I’m going to show you how to use filters to modify your sources
inside of OBS Studio. This will allow you to do things like cropping, green screen effects,
and even delay different sources. Let’s get right into it. The first thing I’m going to do is add two
sources to my scene. First, I’m going to add an animated background to the scene, and
then I’m going to add a simulated webcam as well. The webcam simulation will actually
just be a media source that’s a video on loop. But you should get the idea how to apply
filters to this source from what I’m going to do here. The thing you need to realize about filters,
is that they can be added to every source individually. However, if you apply filters
to a source in one scene, they will carry over to any other scenes that your sources
are used in. This means that if you want to have different filters applied to the same
source, you’d have to add that type of source in again, and then name it something different,
such as image 2. We’ll touch more on this in a future video, about setting up our scenes.
Another thing I’d like to quickly mention is that there are two types of filters: Audio/Video
Filters and Effects Filters. We’re going to start by going through each effect filter
first. To use a filter, let’s first click the source
we want to apply it to, right click, and select ‘Filters’. If our source allows “Audio/Video
Filters”, there will be a section for them at the top. But again, let’s look at the
“Effects Filters” on the left, and our current selected source on the right. Now,
we can hit the plus, to add a filter. Let’s work our way from the top down. We’re going to notice that adding filters
is pretty similar to adding new sources into OBS. For Image Mask/Blend we just select it,
name the filter, and hit okay. You’ll see that filters have the ability to be toggled
on and off, just like sources as well. Image Mask/Blend might seem complicated as a new
streamer, but let’s take it slow and hopefully you’ll understand what uses you can have
with it. You will first be able to select what type
of mask or blend you would like to use. Path will give you the ability to select a specific
file to add as a mask or blend. Color you’ll generally want to leave on its default. Opacity
can go from 0 to 100, where if you lower it from it’s default of 100, it will become
more and more see through. Stretch image (discard aspect ratio) will actually take your image
that you selected to use as a mask or blend, and fit it to the entire source. Okay, so what does this mean? Let’s say
you want to put your webcam in a circle. You can use a mask to hide certain areas of your
webcam. To do this, let’s use a black and white image as an example. I’ll open the
image for you to see. You’ll notice that around the edges the image is black, and in
the middle is a white circle. If I select this image as my path file, and select Alpha
Mask (Color Channel) you’ll see that my webcam will now have the black areas hidden.
The easiest way I remember how masks work, is that black hides and white reveals. Grays
will actually cause transparencies. Also, if I checkmark “stretch image”, you’ll
see that the circle is stretched, so that the source image I selected fits the entire
source. You can also use filters as blends, meaning
you can take advantage of multiple, addition, and subtraction blends. If you’re familiar
with Photoshop layer blends, this acheive the same effects as that. If not, don’t
worry too much – as this is something that isn’t extremely important. I’m going to remove this filter by selecting
it and hitting the minus button. Let’s move on to an easier to understand
filter, crop. Add it just like we did for the Image Mask/Blend filter, and we’ll see
a familiar set up. Leave Relative check marked. Let’s pretend that our webcam has a bit
too much showing on the left side and top. We can use the arrows on the right to slowly
adjust the amount to crop by simply clicking and holding. So, if we start with left, we’ll
notice that the left side is being removed from our source. We can also simply manually
type in an amount, which is in pixels, to remove as well. So, after I get the left side
cropped out as desired, I can just type in what I want for the top. Let’s actually
close the filters panel and take a look at what happened in the final result. With my
webcam cropped how I’d like it, I can move it to anywhere in my scene. If I need to make
more adjustments to the filter, I can just right click the source, and hit filters to
bring back up the filters panel. Let’s apply some filters to my background
video. After I open up the filters panel, I’ll add a color correction filter. The
first thing we’ll notice is color. This will basically tint the source to the color
we select. So, I can choose a red for example, and we can see the effect it’d applies.
If I don’t like this effect, I can change it back to the default of white. The sliders provide you the ability to adjust
the contrast, brightness, and gamma of your source. These can be useful to adjust webcam
settings or even potentially some media or games that you feel might show up dark. Getting
into the differences of each can be a bit confusing, so we won’t be covering that
here. However, you can always play around with these options and get something that
works best for you. The scroll filter can actually be used in
some interesting ways. First, it’s very useful to make text sources move from left
to right, if they’re too long. Next, let’s say you have a repeatable pattern, or maybe
a static image that you’d like to see move a bit, you can use scroll to make it move
horizontally or vertically. To do so, just adjust the sliders with the speed of each
direction you’d like to have it move. OBS will automatically make the source sort of
repeat itself. Scroll also includes the ability to limit
the width and height of the source. This works similarly to cropping – but I’ve actually
found myself using both limit width/height and crop together. Let’s go ahead and move on to our next filter,
the Color Key, but let’s actually talk about Chroma key as well. So, you might have tried
each of these out yourself, and you may be wondering “what’s the difference”? Well,
I’m going to make it quite simple for you. If you want to filter out or hide a green
screen, use the Chroma Key. From what I’ve read and seen before, Chroma key is what more
streamers will want to use. A color key can be useful with graphics with a specific color
you’d like removed. Anyways, I’m going to actually add in an
image as an example of a green screen, and show you what the settings do inside of these
filters. Let’s work with the chroma key. We can work from the preset colors under Key
Color Type, or we can pick a color of our own. Fo greenscreens, this is generally the
best idea, to select the closest color to your screen possible. So, with Custom Color
selected, let’s hit select color. Here, we can select colors in various ways, or we
can actually use “Pick Screen Color” to pull up a sort of eye dropper that will match
the color we’re hovering over. Go to your source and select the most common color shade
you see in it, that you’d like to key out. Simply click it and you’ll have the color
you need. You can hit Add to custom colors, to save this color selection, and then Okay.
If you’re using a green screen, you might already see some good results, if not, don’t
worry, we can do some tweaking to the options. First, if you plan on using a green screen,
I can’t recommend anything better than properly lighting it. Having a more consistent color
of green screen will produce the best results. Ideally the entire screen is the exact same
color/shade. But, in reality this isn’t possible. So, let’s talk about what each
option does. First, we have similarity. These simply means
how close to our selected color we’d like to filter out. Where 1 is that exact color,
and increasing it from there increases the range of colors to key out. Next, is smoothness.
If you slide this input around, you should be able to see what’s happening. It’s
basically blending out colors around the color that you’re keying out. So if you’re having
trouble keying out areas where the color you’d like to remove is meeting colors you’d like
to keep, smoothness might help you out. It basically turns the colors around what you’re
keying out transparent, the more you increase its value, so in essence it smooths out these
areas. Finally, we have Key Color Spill Reduction. This option is for those of you that might
experience a “spill” of your key color. It’s possible that you might see some green
tint reflected on certain areas in your source, or maybe some of the key color is showing
between hairs or some sort of fabric. Increasing this value will help with these types of issues.
Color spill is sometimes tricky to remove, but use your best judgement. Again, I want to reiterate how important it
is to use proper lighting if you plan on using a green screen. In my opinion you’d be better
off buying a cheaper piece of green fabric and investing in some lighting to make sure
the colors are as even as possible. Finally, for graphical sources, let’s move
on to possible the easiest filter, sharpen. If you have a blurry image, webcam, or similar,
just simply increase the sharpness to a desire effect. Be careful with sharpness, it can
make things look a bit unnatural if you use too much. So again, play around with the values
and use your best judgement. As I mentioned at the start, only certain
types of sources allow these filters. Let’s go through them quickly one by one. The first is Gain. Put simply, gain will increase
or decrease the volume of this source. So, if your sound is just too low, you can increase
the gain to compensate. It’s best is the source volume is set properly, but gain can
be useful. Next, is Video Delay (Async). This will basically
tell a specific source to be delayed a certain amount of time in milliseconds. So, let’s
say you have a capture card such as an El Gato, that has a built in delay of 1 second.
You could add a 1,000 millisecond delay to your webcam, to ensure that your reactions
are matched with what is happening in your game capture. Personally, I use this option
to match my webcam with my mic, as I run my audio through Adobe audition to clean it up
a bit. My audio is technically delayed 250ms to have enough time to process it, so I add
a 250ms delay to my webcam to match my voice with what’s seen on my webcam. The last filter is Noise Gate. You may be
already familiar with these options, but let’s take a look. If you have a source that you’d
like to automatically filter out some loud noises, or only play noises that are above
a certain level, then you want to set up a noise gate filter. Close Threshold represents
the amount of decibels that need to be coming from the source in order to play a noise,
or “Close this gate if the audio is too low”. Open Threshold is the decibels that
the audio will need to be at so that it can play through the source, or “Open the gate
at this volume”. So, you’ll notice you can have audio in between open and close.
This simply means that you can open the gate once you hit a certain audio level, but it
won’t close unless it falls below another audio level. This is where the other options come in. Attack
time is how long it will take the the source to play audio after the gate is breached.
So, you’ll generally want this amount to be quite low. Hold time is how long after
that gate has been opened to play audio from the source, regardless of the decibel level.
This time will be reset each time you the source has audio that is loud enough to “breach”
the gate. Release time will lower the volume over time after it has cut out. This helps
remove abrupt cuts from audio, which makes it seem more natural. Okay! Well, if you’ve stuck with me this
entire video you should be a master of filters. Filters are something that I think a lot of
people look over and dismiss when streaming, but mastering them can really make a huge
difference in your stream set up.

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